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我读到的每本书都说埃里希-鲁登道夫在1917年是德国的 "事实上的独裁者",但却没有解释他是如何获得这种权力的。我知道他是一位神童将军,在军中地位不断上升,但究竟是什么事件导致他拥有绝对的政治和军事独裁权力?

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2021 年 第 24 周归档(06.14 - 06.21)

Every book I read jumps to Erich Ludendorff “de facto dictator”of Germany in 1917 without ever explaining how he obtained such power.I realize he was a prodigy general,and rose through the military ranks,but what were the events that led him to both absolute political and military dictatorial power? (old.reddit.com)
New Snoo Sunday: Introducing Viola Snoomond, Snoosé Rizal, and Jane Snoosten (old.reddit.com)
If a neutrinos can travel through the earth without ever colliding with another particle due to their incredibly small mass, why do photons collide with anything at all when their mass is non-existent? (old.reddit.com)
Why don’t we federally tie the minimum wage to inflation? That way, the labor force won’t have to worry as much about being to underpaid to afford to live going forward. (old.reddit.com)
What is something you were bullied for growing up that has now become a trend? (old.reddit.com)
What is the stupidest injury you've ever gotten? (old.reddit.com)
Anyone else just not care about Covid anymore? (old.reddit.com)
Can Chinese Alligator hybridize with American Alligator? (old.reddit.com)
How the heck is my generation supposed to buy houses when we are old enough? (old.reddit.com)
Who else deeply loves their partner but would prefer to sleep in their own bed/room? (old.reddit.com)
Ladies, what do you think of the upcoming sequel to The Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild? (old.reddit.com)
What's a movie that DOESN'T have a romantic plot OR sub-plot? (old.reddit.com)
What is going on in the minds of those lying to prove that covid is a hoax? (old.reddit.com)
Former Disney theme park employees of Reddit, what are some dirty secrets or stories you can tell us about your time there? (old.reddit.com)
Lefties of Reddit, what is something us right-handed people won't understand? (old.reddit.com)
is it just me or does anyone else lock the door while in the bathroom even when nobody else is home? (old.reddit.com)
What extremely minor superpower would you choose? (old.reddit.com)
What are some obscure video games you grew up with? (old.reddit.com)
Yesterday, I was a slave in 1865 Texas. This morning, a messenger rode onto the plantation and announced that I’ve been freed per General Order No. 3. What are the next 24 hours like? (old.reddit.com)
People who listen to what ever music sounds good and don't really have a genre , What's a song that someone showed you or found by accident and was good ? (old.reddit.com)
An explainer of Juneteenth and a celebration of African-American history (old.reddit.com)
What’s a scam most people don’t even realize is a scam? (old.reddit.com)
What if Earth is like one of those uncontacted tribes in South America, like the whole Galaxy knows we're here but they've agreed not to contact us until we figure it out for ourselves? (old.reddit.com)
Was there ever a time you're thankful the pandemic happened? What was the reason? (old.reddit.com)
Do I like being alone, or is being alone what I’m used to? (old.reddit.com)
What everyday skill becomes suspicious if you’re too good at it? (old.reddit.com)
In the movie the dark night , If Heath ledger pulled his testicles out during the hospital explosion scene and started waving them around could they have sued him? (old.reddit.com)
How would the world be different if we valued rest, relaxation and patience over excessive hard work, building wealth and instant gratification? (old.reddit.com)
How do you get over someone you never dated? (old.reddit.com)
When did the US Navy decide to build ships that couldn't fit through the Panama Canal? (old.reddit.com)
Why is Greece known by a significantly different name (Yunan) in India and the middle east? And how did the two different names come to be? (old.reddit.com)
Does anyone else not want to have children to spare their possible kids from the difficulty of life? (old.reddit.com)
What's the pettiest reason you've rejected someone? (old.reddit.com)
Why do humans teeth need to be brushed and other animals don’t? (old.reddit.com)
In Philip Freeman's collection of Irish legends and folklore, the story of St. Brigid involves her performing a miracle which strongly resembles an abortion. How were abortions perceived in Medieval Christian Ireland? (old.reddit.com)
Why don't mRNA vaccines require an adjuvant? (old.reddit.com)
Is it worth it to rinse out a difficult to clean jar like ranch or peanut butter in order to recycle it? I know for most you can fill them with water and just shake but these ones always leave a residue and I feel like I'm using tons of water, which seems wasteful on its own. (old.reddit.com)
What video game is actually extremely depressing to play? (old.reddit.com)
Why is everyone so accepting of being spied on by the government and corporations? (old.reddit.com)
Why did the South Korea and the West help North Korea during the 90s famine by donating food instead of trying to dismantle the crippled country or forcing it to rejoin with the South Korea? (old.reddit.com)
What’s the creepiest thing you caught someone doing? (old.reddit.com)
If you came with a disclaimer what would it say? (old.reddit.com)
People who got fired for the stupidest reason, what happened? (old.reddit.com)
What is the worst ending you have seen in a movie? (old.reddit.com)
What common foods in your country are considered delicacies by foreigners? (old.reddit.com)
People over 35 who haven't lost their virginity yet, what's the story? (old.reddit.com)
you are kidnapped and blindfolded. after a while you hear something that makes you realize you are now in Florida. what you heard cannot contain the word "Florida". what did you hear? (old.reddit.com)
What’s that one blatantly illegal or unethical thing management forced you to do at work?? (old.reddit.com)
Unburden yourself here, what is destroying you right now? (old.reddit.com)
How can certain bacteria and viruses be deadly to one species but completely harmless to another? (old.reddit.com)
Is it normal to not to cry in a sad real life situation but being able to cry easily due to reasons like nostalgia and tragic moments in fiction? (old.reddit.com)
Why is the holiday called “Juneteenth”, and how did it come to be celebrated outside of Texas? (old.reddit.com)
Did the television show Frasier influence the growth of Starbucks? (old.reddit.com)
The Temperance Movement in the US is strongly associated with women who championed both personal "moral practices" and changes to public policy. Was this involvement significantly driven by alcoholism-related domestic abuse? (old.reddit.com)
Does the fantasy trope of "high" versions of languages have a basis in history? (old.reddit.com)
This may be a silly question, but did medieval nobles and princesses actually wear tall conical hats with veils? (old.reddit.com)
For $5,000 you have to watch the same movie on repeat for 48 hours. What movie are you picking? (old.reddit.com)
Did you ever regret staying as long in a relationship as you did? Why and what were the signs to break it off instead of trying to fix things? (old.reddit.com)
Why are there so many rules around what women should wear depending on their age? (old.reddit.com)
Does anyone else get weirded out saying their own name? (old.reddit.com)
Does anyone else with a "good" life ever just feel like completely dropping out of society to become a hermit? (old.reddit.com)
What is something about people that you become more convinced of as you get older (especially if you didn’t think so when you were younger)? (old.reddit.com)
What's something that people glamourize but it's actually just extremely toxic? (old.reddit.com)
Your consciousness is sent back to when you were at age 15, and you maintain all of your current knowledge and experience. What do you do? (old.reddit.com)
Lawyers of Reddit, how do you argue without crying? (old.reddit.com)
Do there exist novels, or other fiction works written in formal logic? (old.reddit.com)
How much contact did medieval Europe have with Iceland? (old.reddit.com)
Why did so many US cities and states ban the construction of multifamily housing after WW2? (old.reddit.com)
I regularly read that Romans, Greeks, and Byzantines never ate breakfast. But what about ientaculum? Where did the no-breakfast myth come from. (old.reddit.com)
Can states move their election days to Juneteenth, now that it will be a national holiday? (old.reddit.com)
What was the public toilet experience in Republican Rome and were there any stigmas or cultural nuances associated with communal restrooms? (old.reddit.com)
President Biden just signed, and Juneteenth Is now an official Federal Holiday. What are your thoughts? (old.reddit.com)
Am I the only one who can’t take themselves seriously doing something sexual/sexy for an SO? (old.reddit.com)
Does anyone else write out entire narratives in the comment section and then delete them before you post because you figure “Who actually cares?” (old.reddit.com)
How historically unusual was it for France to send the Statue of Liberty to the US? (old.reddit.com)
What are some historical examples where bad translations lead to terrible outcomes? (old.reddit.com)
Europa Universalis 4 depicts the Caribbean as one of the most productive regions in the Americas, only rivaled by parts of Mexico and the Andes. Were the tiny islands of the Caribbean really this economically valuable? If so, why? (old.reddit.com)
Do couples in Muslim countries often confuse or mistake someone else for their wife? (old.reddit.com)
Am I the only one who looks at the keyboard whenever I see a typo to see if the wrong key is close to the supposedly right one, if it's not, I immediately assume the person who wrote it is dumb? (old.reddit.com)
What does Beauvoir mean when she says that, “One is not born, but rather becomes woman” (old.reddit.com)
Why did the British put the 50-year provision (which makes Hong Kong pseudo-independent until 2047) in their agreement to cede Hong Kong to China? (old.reddit.com)
Women who have been baby-trapped what's your story? (old.reddit.com)
Was 13 year olds getting married in Tudor times truly acceptable? If you were married as a teen, were you considered an adult? (old.reddit.com)
What is the coldest way you found out your relationship was over? (old.reddit.com)
What's the origin of "Jinx! You owe me a Coke!"? Was this some kind of promotional campaign for Coca-Cola? Or were people indebted to others when saying the exact same thing as the other person for something other than Coke before it was invented? (old.reddit.com)
Does Mars have caves and if we discover a large enough cave system on Mars, how deep would we need to go to reach a hospitable temperature? (old.reddit.com)
What is a massive recent event to us (past 5 years) that will be forgotten by history? (old.reddit.com)
If you were all of a sudden asked to stand up and give a 1 hour talk on something, what subject would you pick? (old.reddit.com)
Where can I find the video of Hulk Hogan’s sex tape where he says the N-word? (old.reddit.com)
When a country buys weapons from another country, can't that country just disassemble the weapon and learn how to build it? Then build it for cheaper? (old.reddit.com)
If you have sex with someone already in a committed relationship to someone else and you are aware of that fact, are you not in the wrong? (old.reddit.com)
How does the immune response that causes hay fever differ from the immune response that is utilised by COVID vaccines? (And why don't antihistamines affect the latter?) (old.reddit.com)
Is it normal to not really enjoy eating food but instead find it more of a chore ? (old.reddit.com)
Is it normal to feel sexual attraction but not want sex? (old.reddit.com)
What is the most awkward live television moment that you are aware of? (old.reddit.com)
You have 24 hours to get yourself on national television, not just in the background, but as a featured segment. If you succeed, you will be given 100 million dollars. You will have to face the consequences of any crime you commit. What would you do? (old.reddit.com)
Did fur traders in North America build extremely long rifles in order to swindle natives? (old.reddit.com)
Drill instructors/ Drill sergeants of reddit, what is the funniest thing you have seen a Private do? (old.reddit.com)
(Serious) Employers, what's the most insane complaint you've had about an employee that turned out to be completely true? (old.reddit.com)
Progressives/Leftists of Reddit, what's your most conservative believe? (old.reddit.com)
Why do some Americans have such a vehement hate for other languages ? (old.reddit.com)
Why do washing machines have a window but dishwashers don’t? If I had to choose I’d rather see my dishes been cleaned than my clothes spin round (old.reddit.com)
Why is the covid lab leak theory now accepted as a possibility in left-leaning circles? (old.reddit.com)
What happens to a person dying of thirst if they drink seawater? (old.reddit.com)
What do orchestra conductors actually do to help the song? (old.reddit.com)
Is the current obsession with "spoilers" really a recent phenomenon? Or were people already wary of spoilers in, say, the XIX century, when a lot of novels were published in a serial form in many countries? (old.reddit.com)
[Serious] People who unironically tell jokes about how they hate their significant other - why don't you just split up / get divorced? (old.reddit.com)
I’ve got a really long list of notifications informing me my post/questions in subreddits have been removed basically because I’m new. How can a new user become part of the conversation of a topic that interest them? It seems like it’s going to take forever to meet some of these expectations (old.reddit.com)
Redditors who watched an R rated film when they were a kid, how did it effect you as a child? [Serious] (old.reddit.com)
"Men apply for a job when they meet only 60% of the qualifications, but women apply only if they meet 100% of them." - What are your thoughts on this? (old.reddit.com)
What lines from the pop culture film "Mean Girls" do you find yourself referencing most often? (old.reddit.com)
Divorced Redditors, what is the craziest thing you or your former spouse did after divorce? (old.reddit.com)
How do you cope with never receiving closure and what steps have you taken to numb or let go of the thoughts? Whether it be from a relative, relationship break up (romantic or friendship), death, losing a pet, etc. (old.reddit.com)
How has your view on love and relationships changed from 5 years ago? (old.reddit.com)
Is it possible to understand Hegel without having a (few) PhD(s) and/or an 8-dimensional alien brain? (old.reddit.com)
In 1947, a group of 33 Japanese Soldiers on the island of Peleliu finally surrendered, three years after the US won control of the 5 square mile island. How were these individuals able to stay undetected and supplied for three years? Did they have any contact/support from the outside? (old.reddit.com)
Home inspectors of reddit, what are some horrible things that almost went unnoticed? (old.reddit.com)
What recent movies will be considered classics 25 years from now? (old.reddit.com)
In the US, is it commonplace to have a 'garbage disposal' that is basically a blender in the sink drain? (old.reddit.com)
How does Mad Cow Disease stay dormant for upto decades in humans? How have we still not eliminated the disease? (old.reddit.com)
Who the fuck is buying all these houses with cash, way over asking price? (old.reddit.com)
How common was establishing a system of government based on strange women lying in ponds distributing swords in some farcical aquatic ceremony? But, seriously, are there any real life examples of folk tale-like unusual means of usurping a king/replacing one when a blood line couldn't be kept going? (old.reddit.com)
Can anyone tell me what I'm supposed to do with my cake day ? (old.reddit.com)
Did English nobility get involved in the lives of their house-servants like in Downton Abby? (old.reddit.com)
How did the sailors of the early-modern (and even before that) avoid things such as sunburn and sun glare while at sea? (old.reddit.com)
In the Middle Ages, were merchants allowed to physically cut up coins for more exact transactions? Particularly in England? This is depicted in The Pillars of the Earth. (old.reddit.com)
Why did so many ancient cultures consider the heart, rather than the brain, to be the seat of the mind? Surely they must have noticed that head injuries frequently result in mental impairment and personality change, but chest injuries never do? (old.reddit.com)
Why do Republicans seem to be more organized and focused than Democrats? (old.reddit.com)
Ladies: What is a dead give-away that a man watches too much porn when he’s in bed with you? (old.reddit.com)
What is the most insane documentary you've ever seen? (old.reddit.com)
Why don’t we reopen most things and just let people who aren’t vaccinated get sick? (old.reddit.com)
What’s something you’re good at but don’t get to brag about much? (old.reddit.com)
Women who have witnessed their ideas being passed over and later witnessing a man presents the same idea, and then people listen... How did you handle it? (old.reddit.com)
Why are there people in developed countries who have like 11 kids they can't afford to raise? (old.reddit.com)
What should people know about fighting? [Serious] (old.reddit.com)
What’s your favorite question to ask someone to get to know them better? (old.reddit.com)
What is something that used to be considered safe/okay but now we know is harmful? (old.reddit.com)
In BBC sitcom "Blackadder Goes Forth" eponymous protagonist tries to avoid combat by feigning madness "doing the trick they all used to do in Sudan". Was Anglo-Sudan war a particularly nasty business that British officers would also try avoid? (old.reddit.com)
What is a single sentence that can trigger an entire fanbase? (old.reddit.com)
If the earth was hit by another large planetary body early in its life, why is our orbit still relatively circular? (old.reddit.com)
It's a Saturday morning when you were a kid. What cartoons are you watching? (old.reddit.com)
How deep can water be before the water at the bottom starts to phase change from liquid to solid? (old.reddit.com)
Why do we add “y/ie” to the end of words to make them sound more “cute”? (old.reddit.com)
Did the GOODS south image capture colliding galaxies? (old.reddit.com)
Has any philosopher ever questioned ‘cogito ergo sum’ ? Can you really be sure that it is you that think? (old.reddit.com)
I've seen women complain about their pocket sizes for over 2 decades now, and have yet to see anybody actually set out to make women's clothes with pockets instead of just complain about it. Why? (old.reddit.com)
AskScience AMA Series: We have 60+ years of experience with renewable energy & the energy transition. Ask us anything! (old.reddit.com)
Why is my cat hellbent on watching me take a shit? (old.reddit.com)
When you look at a crescent moon it seems you can see the edge of the darkened portion. Are we really seeing an edge or is our brain just filling out the rest of the circle? (old.reddit.com)
When did the age of massed musket armed 'line infantry' end, and were there any battles in which a force still fought in the old style of line ranks against whichever tactics replaced it? (old.reddit.com)
In fairy tales, there is a popular trope of beautiful damsels being locked away in a tower, only to be rescued by a clever beau. Was it really that common in the medieval period to trap women in obscure towers? If so, for what reasons were they put there? (old.reddit.com)
What do people think makes them look cool, but actually makes them look like a douchebag? (old.reddit.com)
Is the Spanish Black Legend a real thing, or just an excuse from the Spanish far right to deny any atrocities committed by the Spanish Empire? (old.reddit.com)
What are the best games for get-togethers with friends? (old.reddit.com)
How do you train the voice in your head to be a nice person, especially when it comes to self-image? (old.reddit.com)
Anyone else finds those "TEDx talks" pretentious and self righteuos? (old.reddit.com)
What’s something you wish society would stop forcing into you as a woman? (old.reddit.com)
Am I the only one who get’s really mad when friends/family just randomly show up at my house without warning? (old.reddit.com)
How do you respond to "Are you on your period?" asked mockingly by a man when just being firm or assertive? (old.reddit.com)
What’s the strangest/scariest thing you’ve seen in the middle of the night? (old.reddit.com)
[Serious] What are some of the small things in life that make you happy? (old.reddit.com)
Where have you been fantasizing about traveling to lately? (old.reddit.com)
Roughly 2000 years ago, Paul the Apostle identified himself as a member of the Tribe of Benjamin. As far as I know, none of my Israeli or friends of Hebraic origins identify with any particular tribe of Israel. When and how did persons of Hebraic heritage lose their knowledge of tribal descent? (old.reddit.com)
If Hailey’s comet loses ice to form its tail, how many years will it take for the comet to erode into nothing? (old.reddit.com)
What makes you nervous no matter how many times you do it? (old.reddit.com)
Why is male bisexuality doubted more than female bisexuality? (old.reddit.com)
Do people actually question if Joe Biden will complete his term or is it just a joke that gets thrown around? (old.reddit.com)
Anyone else grow up, not with role models, but with people they didn't want to grow up like? (old.reddit.com)
Why is it that if I skip breakfast I can go all day without feeling very hungry yet if I do have breakfast then I’m pretty much hungry all day and can’t stop eating? (old.reddit.com)
What are your absolutely weirdest "runs in the family" traits or characteristics? (old.reddit.com)
Why do historians point to the invasion of Poland as the start of WWII instead of the Marco Polo Bridge Incident in 1937? (old.reddit.com)
Who is seen as a ‘bad guy’ in history but was actually ok? (old.reddit.com)
When was that flip of the switch moment for you, when you realized how you're being treated isn't right, and you deserve better? (old.reddit.com)
On the 14th October 1956, Indian politician B. R. Ambedkar and half a million of his supporters converted to Buddhism on masse, beginning the Dalit Buddhist movement. How seriously did contemporaries view this act and what social implications did it have for those that took part? (old.reddit.com)
In 9 AD, Wang Mang abolished slavery in China. Considering that slavery was universally normalized in the ancient world, what led Wang Mang to abolish slavery? (old.reddit.com)
Were there any prominent "abolitionists" among the middle and upper classes during the height of the Roman Empire, who wanted to see the institution of Roman slavery eliminated? (old.reddit.com)
Are men not supposed to wear rings while engaged? (old.reddit.com)
What can I do to be less intimidating/scaring to women on the streets? (old.reddit.com)
[Serious] What is illegal but most people don't even know it? (old.reddit.com)
What is your opinion of restaurants that ban children? (old.reddit.com)
Just shaved my head should I be washing it with shampoo, body wash, or face wash? (old.reddit.com)
Who is seen as a “good guy” in history but was actually a terrible person? (old.reddit.com)
What movie can you ruin by adding the word MOIST in the title? (old.reddit.com)
Napoleon's Grande Armee lost thousands to the winter conditions in their Russia campaign. Were the Russians themselves better equipped to handle the conditions or did they suffer similar losses to the cold? (old.reddit.com)
Ex-suicidal people of reddit who are currently genuinely happy and enjoying life right now, whats your story? (old.reddit.com)
Nowadays it is possible to identify a time period based on the style of clothes worn down to the decade. Has style and fashion changed as often in the past as now? Can you accurately differentiate a stylish person from the 1860’s compared to 1870s? (old.reddit.com)
How did Italian Americans react to the U.S. being at war with Fascist Italy during WW2? Was there any widespread support for Mussolini among Italian Americans? (old.reddit.com)
How did non-Aryan legal residents (Embassy workers, diplomats) live while inside Nazi Germany? Do they casually walk into bars/grocery stores/restaurants sitting next to germans? (old.reddit.com)
What are early signs of an abusive partner? (old.reddit.com)
The earth is about 4,5 billion years old, and the universe about 14,5 billion, if life isn't special, then shouldn't we have already been contacted? (old.reddit.com)
People who have taken the gas station sex boosting pill why and how'd it go? (old.reddit.com)
How do you cope with all of the terrible things going on in the world? (old.reddit.com)
Bertrand Russel warned of the "plague of efficiency," stealing man's soul and leisure time. That was 86 years ago, but when did the "death of leisure" begin, and what started it? Do we blame religion? The industrial revolution? (old.reddit.com)
Why is Cocaine not as wildly accepted now as it was in the past? (old.reddit.com)
What are some insane books to enlighten your brain? (old.reddit.com)
In terms of compatibility, what are some traits or habits people often forget to watch out for before deciding to enter a marriage or long term relationship? (old.reddit.com)
How many doctors and other professionals knew about the Tuskeegee Syphilis experiment? In 1965 Dr. Irwin Shatz read an article about it in a medical journal and wrote an outraged letter to the study’s authors. Was this a big journal? Was the study published repeatedly? (old.reddit.com)
Why did the House of Saud choose to call their state a kingdom and not something like Sultanate? (old.reddit.com)
Am i the only one that just gives up writing stuff on reddit (old.reddit.com)
Married Women of Reddit, what is your opinion on the expression "the worst they treat you in dating is the best they'll treat you in marriage"? (old.reddit.com)
(Serious) People who knew murders before they killed someone, what are some red flags you didn’t notice at the time? (old.reddit.com)
Is it a requirement or something for recipe websites to have the entire life story of the creator before the actual recipe? (old.reddit.com)
What's something you made that was 100% delicious but Gordon Ramsay would slap you for anyway? (old.reddit.com)
Isn't it kind of rude when a Christian says you're going to hell if you don't believe in Jesus ? (old.reddit.com)
Anyone salt their ketchup instead of salting their fries? Cause it will stick better to ketchup? (old.reddit.com)
What screams “that person that everyone hates?” (old.reddit.com)
If we judge the older generations now for being racist, what do you think the future generations will judge us for? (old.reddit.com)
How did Stalin and other Soviet high command react when they found out about the Nazi concentration camps, if they didn’t already know? (old.reddit.com)
What do you suspect is true but you can’t prove it? (old.reddit.com)
As a woman, how do you feel about helping a transgender woman with things like heels, lingerie makeup etc? Sort of being like a mentor? (old.reddit.com)