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1683年西班牙的玛丽亚-特蕾莎去世后,国王路易十四在一个秘密仪式上与他孩子们的家庭教师--弗朗索瓦兹-德奥比涅,曼特侬侯爵夫人--结婚。然而,弗朗索瓦兹从未被公开承认为法国王后,她也没有被承认为国王的妻子。这是为什么呢?

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2023 年 第 1 周归档(01.02 - 01.09)

When you are out to eat with someone, how do you decide who picks up the check? (www.reddit.com)
In the debate of Objective vs Subjective morality, which side has more convincing proof or arguments? (www.reddit.com)
Does Virtue Ethics apply when judging the 'rightness and wrongness' of medical practices? My essay question is this - Some claim that the rightness or wrongness of medical practices should be judged solely by their consequences. Is this claim compelling? Why or why not? (www.reddit.com)
Where to start self-learning philosophy of psychiatry/clinical psychology? (www.reddit.com)
Is it bad that I prefer women that are traditionally feminine? (www.reddit.com)
If someone has been muscular in the past, does he gain muscle mass more easily as someone who has not gained muscle before? (www.reddit.com)
Why don't more men pee sitting down when going to the bathroom during the night? (www.reddit.com)
What exactly happened to cause the superstition that one should never say “Macbeth” in the theater? (www.reddit.com)
Married women who have cheated, what did the other person involved do that seduced you to the point of cheating? (www.reddit.com)
1984 was published in 1949, Josef Stalin was alive at this time, could he have, or did he read 1984? (www.reddit.com)
All things considered, was Gaddafi in fact the tyrannical dictator type the west made him out to be? (www.reddit.com)
If you’re a retail therapy type of girl, what’s something you buy when you’re sad? (www.reddit.com)
Historical documents that can't be deciphered because the handwriting is so bad? (www.reddit.com)
When did New York City start being considered a major city globally? (www.reddit.com)
What are some unspoken rules of dating in 2023? (www.reddit.com)
Can’t we all just agree to define the ‘man’ in Fireman, Swordsman, Businessman as a reference to ‘human’ rather than being a male’s profession? (www.reddit.com)
Where can I read about the science of philosophy, not the philosophy of science? (www.reddit.com)
What happened when a vassal took land outside of their lieges realm ? Did it just become part of their liege's realm ? Or did the land get ruled at the same level as the liege ? (www.reddit.com)
Why, historically, have the English treated the Scottish and Irish so differently from each other? (www.reddit.com)
Recommended to focus on Philosophers from unrelated traditions? (www.reddit.com)
What did you regret doing/saying to the ex that truly broke your heart? (www.reddit.com)
If consciousness can exist in a computer simulation, can consciousness exist in a pen-and-paper simulation, or even a simulation that you run in your mind? (Assuming you store all the information and do all the required math in your head) (www.reddit.com)
is it ok for white people to cosplay as black characters like black panther or blade (www.reddit.com)
Does believing in the existence of objective observable reality require a leap of faith? (www.reddit.com)
what is a country you dream of traveling to one day? (www.reddit.com)
When you poop at someone elses house, how do you muffle the sound and hide the smell? (www.reddit.com)
I am the lowest ranking international master at Chess in 2020. I wake up and find myself in the 1920's chess scene. What am I able to revolutionize in theory? (www.reddit.com)
What would you say are the main impasses between Zizek and D&G’s work and what there similarities? (if any can be sifted through) (www.reddit.com)
Would a pyramid scheme be possible in 1600’s Western Europe? (www.reddit.com)
Am I a racist because I dread having to call customer service because I know I’m going to get a foreign representative that I can barely understand. (www.reddit.com)
In Galavant S1E6, the character Chef declines to poison a royal banquet, but instead feeds everyone things they’re allergic to instead. What was known about allergies in this time period (13th Century), and how carefully would a cook in the royal court have to tread in regards to guests’ allergies? (www.reddit.com)
Do people that frequently have Lipomas and other types of benign tumors have a higher chance of developing cancer in the future? (www.reddit.com)
Anyone who has read “Thinking Being” (Perl), did you find the discourse redundant? (www.reddit.com)
Outside of making love, what's the greatest feeling ever? (www.reddit.com)
What philosopher wrote about how TV makes politics less serious because serious political news is followed by e.g. ads for a new car (www.reddit.com)
Why did the Imperial German Army adopt such a haphazard system of rank insignia, particularly for other ranks? Did it ever cause problems in practice, and were there any attempts to change it? (www.reddit.com)
Would a middle-class 15-year-old British girl in the early 20th century still be playing with dolls? (www.reddit.com)
What’s something upper middle class and wealthy people usually have in their homes that’s not crazy luxurious, but makes a difference? (www.reddit.com)
Was Al Capone really as respected and feared as the media has made him out to be? (www.reddit.com)
How often during intimacy does your SO finish and you don’t? Both of you finish? Or just you? (www.reddit.com)
What happens to societies when large percentages of the men die due to war? (www.reddit.com)
Ethiopia has a culture of writing than goes back thousands of years. What are some of the notable pre-modern texts written by Ethiopians? (www.reddit.com)
Why should we imprison wrongdoers and give them second chances? Instead of shunning, outcasting, or destroying them? (www.reddit.com)
I am the lowest ranking international master at Chess in 2020. I wake up and find myself in the 1920's chess scene. What am I able to revolutionize in theory? (www.reddit.com)
Does normal metabolic function eventually return to formerly obese individuals that underwent major weight loss? (www.reddit.com)
Women who have been sexually assaulted, what should your new date be mindful of when interacting with you? (www.reddit.com)
Where did coffee mugs come from? Clearly cups and tankards have existed for millennia, but what's the origin of the iconicly shaped, ubiquitous and "Hang in there!" and other imprinted mugs? (www.reddit.com)
Philosopher(s) who critiqued the notion of a foreword/preface/introduction in the foreword/preface/introduction (www.reddit.com)
Why are/aren’t you willing to forgive cheating in a relationship? (www.reddit.com)
What are some compelling arguments that may prove we have souls? (www.reddit.com)
I am interested in publishing my various theses as a 13 year old and want to go to university to pursue philosophy in 2 or 3 years time. Is this possible and how can I publish my theses on a platform where I can be noticed? (www.reddit.com)
In the movie Downfall, Soviet General Chuikov has to "put on appearances" with fake generals and lying about intel in a meeting with a Nazi general. Did this sort of thing happen, and what was expected in these meetings? (www.reddit.com)
If anthartica was discovered in 1820, why this map of Orthelius in the 16th century showing it up? (www.reddit.com)
What do you think about only working however long it takes you to do the tasks you need to do, rather than always doing a 9-5 day (or equivalent)? (www.reddit.com)
Why are eyes and teeth not covered by insurance all across the world? (www.reddit.com)
What is the best word to use to refer to female genitalia casually? (www.reddit.com)
The "Byzantines" considered themselves Romans, so how did they feel about the city of Rome (and Italy)? (www.reddit.com)
Why is it that some countries use the "," and "." as a decimal point and thousandth separator while other countries use the same two symbols to represent the opposite? (www.reddit.com)
What has social media made you believe is more common than it actually is? (www.reddit.com)
Is there any Congressional rule preventing Dems from finding 6 willing Republicans and all voting together for a centrist Republican speaker? (www.reddit.com)
Women, when you were a preteen going through the difficulty of puberty, what could have helped you the most during that time? (www.reddit.com)
Are we unconsciously doing deals with the rest of reality to create reality? (www.reddit.com)
Sokolowski claimed that phenomenology is absent in the political philosophy. Why Hannah Arendt's efforts was ignored? (www.reddit.com)
If someone is born blind, is their visual cortex still active but maybe used for other tasks? (www.reddit.com)
In Ancient Greece and Rome, there existed a power imbalance in male homosexual relationships where the dominant partner was seen as honorable and the passive partner was seen as a disgrace. Was the same true in lesbian relationships? (www.reddit.com)
How do you deal with self consciousness of your labia length? (www.reddit.com)
What does Derrida's "nothing outside the text" mean with respect to modern terms? (www.reddit.com)
Was there ever a significant population of African natives that were unaware they were living under British colonial rule? (www.reddit.com)
Who gets to say what a philosophical razor or fallacy is, and where do they come from? (www.reddit.com)
If empty individualism and eternalism are both true, does that mean that we are doomed to experience a single moment forever? (www.reddit.com)
How do you obtain illegal substances for scientific studies? (www.reddit.com)
Was inbreeding unique to European royals or have most royal families historically inbred? (www.reddit.com)
After the death of Maria Theresa of Spain in 1683, King Louis XIV legally married his children's governess - Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon - in a secret ceremony. However, Françoise was never openly acknowledged as Queen of France, nor was she recognized as the King's wife. Why is this? (www.reddit.com)
What is the name of the philosophy that goes something like: live your life in such a way that if everyone else were to follow it, society would be functional (www.reddit.com)
How did Japan, a country with no colonial ties to the United Kingdom, ended up driving on the left? (www.reddit.com)
How do you stop seeking external validation and start internally valuing yourself? (www.reddit.com)
How were nations able to increase the literacy rate in the early 20th century so effectively? (www.reddit.com)
What happened to all the bugs that used to splatter on the windshield years ago? (www.reddit.com)
AskHistorians Podcast Episode 212: Public Transport in North America with Jake Berman (www.reddit.com)
Is “thank god you have me cause no one else would ever put up with you” a healthy thing to say in relationships? (www.reddit.com)
Do all written languages trace back to Sumerian? or were there any that developed independently? (www.reddit.com)
Your internet history just got published, what are you most embarrassed for people to see? (www.reddit.com)
For women who had had this experience, how did you feel the first time you saw your partner crying for real? (www.reddit.com)
According to the Wikipedia article on the Siege of Baghdad (1258), some dude named Qarasunqur is listed as a commander who was killed in action. Yet he is mentioned nowhere else in the article. He’s not mentioned anywhere else on Google. Who tf was Qarasunqur? (www.reddit.com)
When was the last time any house of US federal congress had a coalition government? (www.reddit.com)
Do we have proof monks were biased or lied in their accounts of history? (Say AD793 to AD1066) (www.reddit.com)
How exactly did French counties and duchies relate to one another and the kingdom as a whole? (www.reddit.com)
How do I read Bertrand Russell's 'History of Western Philosophy' as an Indian? (www.reddit.com)
In the US why do they keep voting on the same speaker of the house expecting different results? (www.reddit.com)
What do you think of a brothel for women? (www.reddit.com)
What experiences have molded for you how you feel about men? (www.reddit.com)
The Basque language is not an Indo-European language, leading to a common theory that the Basque people are descended from Europeans who pre-date the Indo-European migration. Was there any plan under Hitler to exterminate the Basques, a textbook non-"Aryan" "race"? (www.reddit.com)
How would you feel if your partner wanted to play video games instead of watch tv with you on their birthday? (www.reddit.com)
Women who have been shamed by a medical professional, how did you feel and what did you do? (www.reddit.com)
Has communism ever been successful in a country, for an extended period of time? (Why/why not) (www.reddit.com)
If I carved an “x” into a growing tree, would the x grow higher as the tree does, or would it stay in the same spot? (www.reddit.com)
Today historians seem to reject the idea of the "tree of civilization" and the notion of "progress." Have historians developed an alternative model for what we see, or does history truly have no direction? (www.reddit.com)
What are your thoughts on Hand Written letters being sent to you? (www.reddit.com)
It seems the majority of well known philosophers opted not to have children. Could it be the more truths you realize about this world, the more you understand not to bring more people here? (www.reddit.com)
If external objects can become known by entering into my consciousness, why cannot the meaning created by my imagination becomes knowledge? (www.reddit.com)
Are words and their definitions necessarily tautological, or is there another way to think about them? (www.reddit.com)
How did you find out/ realise that your partner didn't love you anymore? (www.reddit.com)
In the video game Red Dead Redemption 2 (set in 1899), a criminal gang steals physical paper bonds from the personal train carriage of a railway magnate. What was the process of selling stolen bonds in those days? (www.reddit.com)
Jobs in ethics outside of academia, writing/research, and education? (www.reddit.com)
What are your thoughts on being with someone who has no sexual or relational experiences? (www.reddit.com)
Using a CPAP can increase the life span of a Sleep Apnea patient by 7 years. What does Sleep Apnea do to the body that reduces life expectancy this much? (www.reddit.com)
What were the first industries to be completely annihilated by the internet (post early 90 s era) .How did they cope with the sudden disruption? (www.reddit.com)
Is it possible for men to experience gender based oppression? (www.reddit.com)
How is it possible the universe is infinite? If this were the case all possibilities have occurred, are occurring, and will occur. Wouldn’t this mean the possibility of an entity destroying the universe is inevitable? (www.reddit.com)
Essay help - The rightness and wrongness of medical practices should be judged solely by their consequences. Is this claim compelling ? (www.reddit.com)
What are your thoughts about the concept of virginity, purity, the sacredness/specialness of sex, and saving yourself for marriage? (www.reddit.com)
To what extent could Tenochtitlan have been exaggerated by Cortes just to receive the funding to return to the Americas to steal more stuff? (www.reddit.com)
How did religious Jews keep warm during sabbath during the middle ages in northern parts of the world? (www.reddit.com)
Is there evidence some religious leaders in the Middle Ages were privately non-believers and only used religion for power/control? (www.reddit.com)
If women were able to impregnate themselves, only producing female offspring, what would be your views on it? (www.reddit.com)
I can't fathom how consciousness could be a purely physical phenomenon. What am I missing? (www.reddit.com)
Fishing is essentially hunting but in the water, but has basically none of the bad stigma attached to it as land hunting; why is that? (www.reddit.com)
How did medieval peasants and then early industrial workers manage to work that much and that long productively? Did they feel trapped in life or is it a modern idea associated with destruction of traditional society? (www.reddit.com)
Why aren't there as many obviously horny women on the internet as there are men? (www.reddit.com)
What’s something that seems like everyone else does better than you? (www.reddit.com)
According to historian Tony Judt, the UK was still rationing bread as late as the 50s. Why was rationing still in place in Britain when other, formerly occupied countries seem to have recovered faster? (www.reddit.com)
Arguments for the human right to life? Why do we have the right to live? (www.reddit.com)
What would happen if another country that went to the moon just decided to knock over the American flag? (www.reddit.com)
A significant amount of traditional Mexican music, particularly from the North, sounds basically identical to traditional German polka. Is there some historical connection between German music and Mexican music, or is this a coincidence? (www.reddit.com)
What is your opinion on the fact that, in custody cases, women/mothers become the primary parent (60-90% of cases)? (www.reddit.com)
Why was it that as early as the year 2000 that regime change in Iraq was part of the U.S. Republican Party platform, a year before the 9/11 attacks & the "Axis of Evil" & 3 years before the eventual war? (www.reddit.com)
Is there a book on the history of philosophy or like timeline of philosophy and different schools of thoughts ? (www.reddit.com)
What is something that's bad for you and you know it but you still keep on doing it? (www.reddit.com)
How do you tell a woman she smells very unpleasant “down there” without sounding like the biggest asshole of all time? (www.reddit.com)
Could air pressure alone be used to support a sealed tunnel? (www.reddit.com)
In the 1941 children's book Curious George, George prank-calls the Fire Department, which is able to locate his signal on a map of the city, and which sends firemen to his location. Would this have been possible? Would children have understood this concept? (www.reddit.com)
What did people do in the morning before coffee was discovered? (www.reddit.com)
When did pharmacies become entirely corporatized? What caused the end of independently owned/not mega corporate pharmacies in the US? (www.reddit.com)
Richard Rorty said, "You cannot read most of the important thinkers of recent times without taking Heidegger's thought into account." Is this true? Do most philosophers today engage with Heidegger in some way? (www.reddit.com)
What's the funniest "drunk girls in the bathroom" experience you've ever had at a bar/club? (www.reddit.com)
What's the difference between mansplaining and just a man explaining something to a woman? (www.reddit.com)
“The press in 1776 was entirely propaganda. Newspapers were owned by political party big wigs. The concept of objective journalism is relatively new within the last century". How correct is that statement? (www.reddit.com)
Do philosophers generally agree that there is no such thing as an independent entity, and that such a thing is impossible, as demonstrated by Nagarjuna? (www.reddit.com)
Does the concept of "nothing" exist independent of the mind? (www.reddit.com)
In the Treaty of 1783, the United States guaranteed the right of Great Brittan to access to the Mississippi River. What happened to that right? (www.reddit.com)
Why are Fathers so overprotective of their daughters when it comes to dating (typically in their teenage years) but not of their sons? (www.reddit.com)
How do you feel about a man who watches a lot of content on how to talk to girls and memorizes phrases and stuff to say or do before talking to girls ? (www.reddit.com)
Isaac Newton was a deeply religious person, being a well known theologian and engaging privately in occult studies. How did Newton’s religious views contribute to his revolutionary way of thinking about the physical world? (www.reddit.com)
What kind of impact did the Lord of the Rings trilogy (2001-2003) have on New Zealand's tourism industry, international reputation, and internal, national pride? (www.reddit.com)
How accurate do historians view SCOTUS opinions that go into great detail on historical subjects? Are there notable great opinions? Are there notably bad ones? (www.reddit.com)
Pope John Paul II was the first non-Italian pope since the 16th century when he was elected in 1978. Why did the papal conclave only elect Italians during this span? (www.reddit.com)
What would your response be to, “You are as beautiful as you are intelligent”? (www.reddit.com)
If you could have one more day with a late loved one, how would you spend it? (www.reddit.com)
what the FUCK are you supposed to reply when your girlfriends father says "everything you do to her, I'll do to you"? (www.reddit.com)
What is the healthiest and unhealthiest thing you do regularly? (www.reddit.com)
Why didn't the Mongol Empire descend into civil war and fracture apart after the death of Temujin? How did he ensure a peaceful succession that later Mongol Emperors were not able to do? (www.reddit.com)
[NSFW] Why does everyone make it seem that once the guy cums, sex is over? Can't the guy just...take care of the woman while he takes a "break"? (www.reddit.com)
How and why did Golf become the stereotypical "businessman's" sport? (www.reddit.com)
Provide opinions with reasons. I want to start with philosophy (www.reddit.com)
Russells teapot and the principal of indifference (www.reddit.com)
On Iraq War: is there any theories/consensus among historians on the actual US war goals, if the given casus belli by US government are probably dubious at best? (www.reddit.com)
Should media reduce the amount of alcohol in shows and movies like they have with cigarettes? Why or why not? (www.reddit.com)
Is any "movement" visible in the fluctuations of the CMB over time, or does it appear static? (www.reddit.com)